World’s Most Advanced X-Ray Becomes 10,000 Times Brighter
The most powerful X-ray Laser in the world can be used with an amazing 8,000 time faster and 10,000 times brighter, allowing the scientist to see the nature on the highest level and ultrafast timescale.
According to Discovery News, the upgrade to Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) will begin on Tuesday at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in Menlo Park, California. It is estimated to be finished in early 2020. The LCLS-II will launch almost 1 million X-ray pulses per second and more than 8,000 times faster than LCLS.
Scientists are using LCLS to view the basic process of nature, like chemical bonds form and break and the process of electric charges rearrange in an object. Stanford University operated who operated the X-ray microscope for the Energy Department's Office of Science, was the first light source of its type.
It is also used as the brightest and fast X-ray pulses ever made to give unprecedented detail. According to LCLS Director Mike Dunne, "LCLS-II will take X-ray science to the next level, opening the door to a whole new range of studies of the ultrafast and ultrasmall."
"This will tremendously advance our ability to develop transformative technologies of the future, including novel electronics, life-saving drugs, and innovative energy solutions," Dunne said.
LCLS allows researchers to observe chemical reaction as they happen. It also allows to view electrons moving thru an object and to observe the behavior of the stars by its atoms. It provides near-atomic-level photos of disease-related proteins that could contribute a discovery of some potential cures.
Like LCLS, LCLS-II will contain superconducting accelerators that conduct electricity at minus 456 degrees Fahrenheit. It allows generating almost continuous X-ray laser beam with pulses that are 10,000 times brighter that LCLS.
Unlike LCLS-II, LCLS uses electrons almost fast as the speed of light to generate beams of extreme bright X-ray laser Light. LCLS electrons move on a zigzag path through series of magnets, called Undulators.
Recent news from The Christian Science Monitor, the machine has led some advances in life science, allowing scientist to analyze and understand better the chemical reaction, new discovery into things as close as the structure of soot.
According to Dunner, "This is a machine that is a billion times brighter than anything that came before but it has a limitation. LCLS can pulse up to 120 times per second, but it needs a scientist to test some experiments to reflect near ideal situations."