The New Fab (Sub-atomic) Five: Find Out How Their Existence Was Confirmed [VIDEO]
Physicists of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) have detected for the first time five new particles that have been previously confirmed to exist just through complex calculations and have never been observed or spotted before.
The new sub-atomic particles were detected in the Large Hadron Collider and are believed to be forms of the particle Omega-c baryon. The Omega-c baryon is the heavier relative of neutrons and protons that are found at the center of atoms. While the protons and neutrons are made up of Up and Down quarks, the Omega-C baryon is made up of quarks called Charm and Strange, BBC reported.
— CERN (@CERN) March 14, 2017
The baryons making up the new sub-atomic particles are made up of two strange quarks and one charm quark. These were the latest discoveries in the LHCb experiment, nicknamed "beauty", at the LHC. The "beauty" experiment hopes to explore the events right after the Big Bang that gave birth to the universe, the Express reported.
The discovery hopes that it would shed light on a number of nuclear phenomena that have eluded them for years. It hopes to answer questions how quarks bind together and better understand nuclear strong force.
The LHC has just announced in 2012 the existence of the Higgs boson particle, nicknamed the "God particle" which gives matter its mass. These new sub-atomic particles are not as exciting but still significant because they give insight as to what else may be found in the data they collected.
The LHC is a seven-mile circular particle accelerator that sits right on the French-Swiss border. It started operations in 2009 after a decade of development by a consortium of over 10,000 scientists and hundreds of universities and laboratories from all over the world.
It is scheduled to go into a year-long shutdown beginning in 2019 and hopes to upgrade the LHCb experiment to explore the possibility of the existence of doubly heavy baryons once it comes online again.