For decades, science has suggested that when people make decisions,
Two vital parts of mentally organizing the world are classification, or the understanding that similar things belong in the same category; and induction, an educated guess about a thing’s properties if it’s in a certain category. There are reasons to believe that language greatly assists adults in both kinds of tasks. But how do young children use language to make sense of the things around them? It’s a longstanding debate among psychologists.
Whether the task is flying a plane, fighting a battle, or caring for a patient, good teamwork is crucial to getting it done right. That's why team-building and training courses are big business in the U.S., and have been for decades. But lately something has changed: "There's a demand for evaluations-an emphasis on showing that team training makes a difference in safety, decision-making, communication, clinical outcomes-you name the ultimate criteria the industry has," says Eduardo Salas, an...
Does she or doesn’t she . . .? Sexual cues are ambiguous, and confounding.
Why do we stick up for a system or institution we live in—a government, company, or marriage—even when anyone else can see it is failing miserably?
We put a lot of energy into improving our memory, intelligence, and attention. There are even drugs that make us sharper, such as Ritalin and caffeine. But maybe smarter isn’t really all that better. A new paper published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, warns that there are limits on how smart humans can get, and any increases in thinking ability are likely to come with problems.
"Face recognition is an important social skill, but not all of us are equally good at it," says Beijing Normal University cognitive psychologist Jia Liu. But what accounts for the difference? A new study by Liu and colleagues Ruosi Wang, Jingguang Li, Huizhen Fang, and Moqian Tian provides evidence that the inequality of abilities is rooted in the unique way in which the mind perceives faces. "Individuals who process faces more holistically"-that is, as an integrated whole-"are better at fa...
Is there a psychological reason why people default on their mortgages?
"Interestingly, from negotiation research we know that it is much easier to negotiate deals that involve gains, instead of losses," says Carsten de Dreu, Professor of Psychology at the University of Amsterdam.
"Be all you can be," the Army tells potential recruits. The military promises personal reinvention.
A man with a low IQ confesses to a gruesome crime. Confession in hand, the police send his blood to a lab to confirm that his blood type matches the semen found at the scene.
Individual beliefs don’t stay confined to the person who has them; they can affect how a society functions. A new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, looks at 57 countries and finds that individual sexism leads to gender equality in the society as a whole—not surprising
Curiosity may have killed the cat, but it’s good for the student. That’s the conclusion of a new study published in Perspectives in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The authors show that curiosity is a big part of academic performance. In fact, personality traits like curiosity seem to be as important as intelligence in determining how well students do in school.